of Rights for People who are Positive
Infectious diseases (HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C) and the stigma associated
with them are commonplace. There is widespread ignorance about those
infected and the sources of the transmission of the diseases, and
there are inadequate protections for those suffering from stigma.
These protections would include the right to work, the right to
privacy, the right to adequate healthcare insurance, and the right
to decent housing, standards of care and all other rights enshrined
in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
declaration should cause these rights to be disseminated, displayed,
read and expounded in the workplace, in schools and in other educational
Recognition of the inherent dignity, and of the equal and inalienable
rights, of all members of the human family is the foundation of
freedom, justice and peace in the world. This recognition must include
all those with disabilities, including those who are infected with
either or both diseases. These rights should be protected wherever
possible by law.
of EAC have pledged themselves to achieve the promotion of universal
respect for, and observance of the human rights and fundamental
freedoms of all those suffering from HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C.
following items are based on those principles enshrined in the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights:
human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. This
includes those suffering from any illness or disability.
is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration
without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language,
religion, national or social origin, property, birth or other
status. Furthermore no distinction shall be made on the basis
of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the
country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be
independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation
has the right to life, liberty and security of person. Those suffering
from any infectious diseases shall not be excluded or discriminated
against. No one shall be subjected to inhuman or degrading treatment
or punishment because of any health problem. Everyone is entitled
in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent
and impartial tribunal, in the determination of such rights.
one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with privacy,
family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon honor and
reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law
against such interference or attacks, and those individuals who
are positive must be included and safeguarded.
respect to those who suffer from, or have at any time suffered from
any form of stigma, as defined in this declaration, the following
rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights shall
have particular application:
without distinction, has the right to:
to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions
of work and to protection against unemployment.
pay for equal work.
and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours
and periodic holidays with pay.
standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of themselves
and of their family, including food, clothing, housing and medical
care and necessary social services, and the right to security
in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood,
old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond their
control. This declaration in particular extends to the circumstances
of all those suffering from mental illness.
in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to
share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth
in this Declaration can be fully realized.